What is Cancer?

Explain Cancer

Cancer is one of the most frightening words in the English language. But what really is cancer and how does it develop? Why is it so difficult to control and is there any hope for a cure? What really causes cancer and how many different types of cancer are there? Indeed, it’s a disease that has many questions and slowly, researchers and scientists are beginning to have the answers.

Cancer is the term used to define a process that happens within the body when cells begin to deform and grow out of control. These cells can quickly infect their surrounding cells and this is why cancer can spread so rapidly throughout the entire body.

There are over two hundred different types of cancers with the most common being breast, lung, prostate, skin, cervical, and ovarian, to name just a few. Because cancer can form in any of the sixty organs of the body, there are many different types. And although one certain type of cancer will be the most prevalent in a certain body organ, most organs can be a site for more than one type of cancer. For this reason, effective treatment requires not only knowing the location/organ where the cancer originated but also the type of cancerous cells that are growing.

Rapid Growth of Cells

This rapid growth is one reason why cancer is so difficult to control and cure. But another reason is the fact that unlike other healthy body cells, cancer cells don’t seem to break down naturally and deteriorate on their own. For this reason, if left untreated, cancer eventually takes over the entire body.

Living a healthy lifestyle can help prevent cancer. Things such as staying active, eating a nutritional, well-balanced diet high in fruits and vegetables and fiber, avoiding overexposure to the sun, and not smoking are all excellent ways to keep the immune system strong and work to prevent cancer.

However, if cancer does begin to develop, there are many treatments available and medical advances are being made every day in an effort to stop the growth of cancer and, following treatment, to stop or delay the return of the disease.